MATH31022/MATH41022 - 2009/2010
- Title: Number Theory: the Riemann Zeta Function
- Unit code: MATH31022/MATH41022
- Credits: 10 (MATH31022), 15 (MATH41022)
- Prerequisites:Calculus with Complex Numbers
- Co-requisite units: None
- School responsible: Mathematics
- Member of staff responsible: Professor R.J. Plymen
To prove some basic results in number theory.
Brief Course Description
The distribution of the prime numbers appears to be rather irregular, although they certainly thin out as x increases. How can we describe the distribution? How many primes are there less than x? The key to all this is the Riemann Zeta function, the Riemann zeros, and the famous Explicit Formulas in Number Theory. The Riemann Formula counts up precisely the number of primes less than x. This formula contains oscillatory terms corresponding to the Riemann zeros, and gives rise to the "music of the primes".
On successful completion of this course students will:
- Work with the Riemann zeta function.
- have some familiarity with the Explicit Formulas of number theory.
- Riemann Zeta Function. Basic properties. Into the critical strip. The Riemann zeros. The Riemann Hypothesis. 
- The Euler product. The Hadamard product. The functional equation. The trivial zeros of the zeta function. 
- The von Mangoldt explicit formula. The oscillatory terms. 
- The Riemann explicit formula. The oscillatory terms. The Riemann approximation to π(x). The prime number theorem. The largest known prime. The distribution of prime numbers. The music of the primes.
- J. Stopple, A Primer of Analytic Number Theory. Cambridge, 2003
- M. du Sautoy, The Music of the Primes. Fourth Estate 2003.
Teaching and learning methods
Two lectures each week and a weekly examples class. In addition students should expect to do at least four hours private study each week for this course unit (and seven for MATH41022).
- Test in Week 7: 20%
- 2 hours Examination: 80%