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School of Mathematics

MATH10232 -2009/2010

General Information
• Title: Calculus and Applications
• Unit code: MATH10232
• Credits: 15
• Prerequisites:MATH10131
• Co-requisite units: This course unit may only be taken with MATH10212 Linear Algebra
• School responsible: Mathematics
• Members of staff responsible: Dr A. Hazel
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Specification

Aims

This course unit aims to introduce students to ordinary differential equations, primarily covering methods of solution and applications to physical situations.

Brief Description of the unit

The unit will cover first and second order ordinary differential equations including classification and standard solution methods. Applications will be drawn from the field of classical mechanics, but no prior experience in mechanics is expected or required. Matlab will be used to illustrate some of the ideas and methods.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this unit successful students will be able to solve first order and second order linear problems and first order separable equations analytically. Use substitution methods and power series methods to find solutions. Be able to investigate solutions using direction fields and Euler's method. Have used Matlab as a mathematical tool and used differential equations to solve problems in mechanics and other applications.

Future topics requiring this course unit

Almost every applied mathematics course unit and many in pure mathematics and statistics.

Syllabus

1. Introduction: concept of mathematical modeling; definition and classification of ordinary differential equations; order; linear and autonomous equations.
2. First-order ordinary differential equations: separable, graphical and numerical solutions; initial conditions; direction fields; Euler's method; use of Matlab; existence and uniqueness of solutions; integrating-factor methods; power series; substitution methods for nonlinear equations; phase plane and stability; population modelling.
3. Higher-order ordinary differential equations: general solution of linear, second-order equations; initial and boundary conditions; homogeneous equations; particular integrals; method of undetermined coefficients; harmonic oscillators; resonance; coupled systems; phase portraits; substitution methods for nonlinear equations; plane autonomous systems; predator-prey systems.
4. Mechanics: particle kinematics in Cartesian and polar coordinates; Newton's laws; forces; Newton's law of gravitation; work and energy; motion along a line (potential wells); equilibrium and stability; simple systems of particles; simple pendulum; compound pendulum; double pendulum.

Textbooks

• James Stewart, Calculus, Early Transcendentals, Thomson, 5th Edition, International Student Edition, 2003.
• C. H Edwards, Elementary differential equations with boundary value problems, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.

Teaching and learning methods

Three lectures and one supervision class each week. In addition students should expect to do at least seven hours of private study each week for this course unit.

Assessment

Coursework; Weighting within unit 15%
Supervision; Weighting within unit 10%
Two hours and half end of semester examination; Weighting within unit 75%

Arrangements

Online course materials are available for this unit.