MATH34001 - 2008/2009
- Title: Applied Complex Analysis
- Unit code: MATH34001
- Credits: 10
- Prerequisites: MATH20101, or MATH20111 and MATH20142
- Co-requisite units: None
- School responsible: Mathematics
- Members of staff responsible:
To develop sufficient complex variable theory to introduce the complex Fourier and Laplace transforms and to apply them to the solution of partial differential equations.
Brief Description of the unit
This course unit is a natural successor to the second year course units on Complex Analysis. It introduces multivalued functions, analytic continuation and integral transforms, especially Fourier and Laplace transforms. These powerful and effective tools are used to solve many problems involving differential equations. The course is oriented towards applications rather than the theorem/proof style of development.
On successful completion of this course unit students will be able to
- use multivalued functions of a complex variable and their applications;
- understand the notion of analytic continuation and apply it;
- use the Gamma function of complex argument;
- understand the theory of the complex Fourier and Laplace transforms and their inverses;
- use Fourier and Laplace transforms to solve a variety of linear partial differential equations with boundary and/or initial conditions.
Future topics requiring this course unit
- Regular Functions: Regular functions of complex z including the multivalued functions lnz and za. Branch lines and branch points. Functions with finite branch lines. 
- Contour Integrals: Revision of contour integrals, Cauchy's theorem, Cauchy's integral formula and the residue theorem. Evaluation of residues. Liouville's theorem. 
- Real Definite Integrals:. Evaluation of real definite integrals by complex contour methods, especially those involving multivalued functions of z. Deduction of new integrals from known ones by shift of contour. 
- Analytic Continuation:. Examples of regular functions defined by series or integrals and their analytic continuations. Uniqueness of analytic continuations and applications. Continuous continuation theorem and Schwarz's principle. 
- The Gamma Function: Definition of G(z) as an integral. The functional relation. Analytic continuation of G(z), its poles and residues. The reflection formula.
- Fourier and Laplace Transforms:. Integral transforms in general. Fourier's integral theorem. Functions defined on [0, ∞), the Fourier cosine and sine transforms and their inverses. The complex Fourier transform and its inverse. Extension to the case in which the transform variable is complex and the inverse transform is a contour integral. The Laplace transform and its relationship to the complex Fourier transform. The Bromwich integral inversion formula. Examples of all of these. 
- Applications of Integral Transforms to Partial Differential Equations:. A simple linear ODE solved by Laplace transform. Initial value problem for the one-dimensional heat equation for the infinite bar. Same for the semi-infinite bar with appropriate end conditions. The semi-infinite bar with prescribed end temperature. Boundary value problems for Laplace’s equation in an infinite strip. Same for Helmholz's equation if time permits. 
TextbooksA standard source for the underlying complex variable theory is
- E.T. Copson, Functions of a Complex Variable, 1995.
- I.N. Sneddon, The Use of Integral Transforms McGraw Hill, 1972.
Teaching and learning methods
Two lectures each week and weekly examples classes. In addition students should expect to spend at least four hours each week on private study for this course unit.
- Mid-semester coursework: weighting 15%
- End of semester examination: two hours weighting 85%