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School of Mathematics

# MATH31422 - 2006/2007

General Information
• Title: Differential Geometry
• Unit code: MATH31422
• Credits: 10
• Prerequisites: MATH30009, MATH31431
• Co-requisite units:
• School responsible: Mathematics
• Member of staff responsible: Dr Ted Voronov (Mathematics and Social Sciences P.5, Tel: 63682)
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## Specification

### Brief Description of the unit

This course unit covers the main notions of modern differential geometry, such as connection and curvature. It builds on the course unit MATH31431 Calculus on Manifolds. Fibre bundles make a natural language for describing various 'fields' in geometry and its applications, such as vector fields or other fields appearing in physics. They are manifolds (or, more generally, topological spaces although this course will restrict attention to the differentiable case) with a special structure: they locally look like the product of a piece of one space called the base with another space called the fibre. A good example is the Möbius band which locally looks like a cylinder, the product of a circle with an interval, but as a whole space is twisted. A 'field' associates to each point in the base a point in the fibre. In order to differentiate it we need an extra structure known as a connection or covariant derivative. It often comes naturally in examples such as surfaces in Euclidean space. In this case a covariant derivative of tangent vectors can be defined can be defined as the usual derivative in the Euclidean space followed by orthogonal projection onto the tangent plane. The curvature of a connection in a fibre bundle is a new phenomenon which does not exist for the derivative of ordinary functions. It generalizes the 'internal' curvature of a surface discovered by Gauss which implies that it is impossible to map a region of a sphere onto a flat surface preserving distances. The course unit revises classical differential geometry of curves and surfaces, considers applications, and touches on the topology of fibre bundles.

### Syllabus

1. Fibre bundles: definition and examples. Particular case: vector bundles. Transition functions. Cocycle property. Pull-back of fibre bundles.
2. Operations with fibre bundles. Metric on a vector bundle.
3. Covariant derivative. Examples. Parallel transport.
4. Covariant derivative for the tangent bundle. Levi-Civita Theorem. Goedesics.
5. Curvature. Examples. Bianchi identity.
6. Curves and surfaces in R3. Derivation formulae. Theorema Egregium.
7. Homotopy propery of vector bundles. Embedding into a trivial vector bundle (statement). Classifying spaces for vector bundles.
8. Differential-geometric characteristic classes: construction. Examples. Classification theorem (statement). Relation with classifying spaces. Gauss-Bonnet Theorem for surfaces in R3.

### Teaching and learning methods

Two lectures per week plus one weekly examples class.

Assessment
End of semester examination (2 hours) 100%.

## Arrangements

Online course materials are available for this unit.