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Numerical Analysis 1

Unit code: MATH20602
Credit Rating: 10
Unit level: Level 2
Teaching period(s): Semester 2
Offered by School of Mathematics
Available as a free choice unit?: N




The course unit unit aims to introduce students to theoretical and practical aspects of the numerical solution of linear and nonlinear equations, the approximation of functions by polynomials and the approximation of integrals via quadrature schemes.


Numerical analysis is concerned with finding numerical solutions to problems for which analytical solutions either do not exist or are not readily or cheaply obtainable. This course provides an introduction to the subject, focusing on the three core topics of iteration, interpolation and quadrature.

The module starts with 'interpolation schemes', methods for approximating functions by polynomials, and 'quadrature schemes', numerical methods for approximating integrals, will then be explored in turn. The second half of the module looks at solving systems of linear and nonlinear equations via iterative techniques. In the case of linear systems, examples will be drawn from the numerical solution of differential equations.

Students will learn about practical and theoretical aspects of all the algorithms. Insight into the algorithms will be given through MATLAB illustrations, but the course does not require any programming.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this unit successful students will have:


  • practical knowledge of a range of iterative techniques for solving linear and nonlinear systems of equations, theoretical knowledge of their convergence properties, an appreciation of how small changes in the data affect the solutions and experience with key examples arising in the solution of differential equations;
  • practical knowledge of polynomial interpolation, its numerical implementation and theoretical knowledge of associated approximation properties;
  • practical knowledge of quadrature schemes and theoretical knowledge of their associated approximation properties.

Assessment methods

  • Other - 20%
  • Written exam - 80%

Assessment Further Information

  • Coursework; Weighting within unit 20%
  • 2 hours end of semester examination; Weighting within unit 80%


1.Introduction to numerical analysis. Floating point arithmetic. Catastrophic cancellation and the quadratic equation formula. Efficiency and Horner's method. [3 lectures]

2.Approximation. Lagrange interpolation. Uniqueness and existence of interpolants. Error estimates. Runge's example. Divided difference form of interpolant. Application to quadrature. [6]

3.Linear Algebra. PDE example to introduce sparse matrices. Iterative vs direct methods. Examples of iterative methods (Jacobi, Gauss-Seidel). Vector Norms. Eigenvalues, eigenvectors, spectral radius. Convergence criteria. Error bounds, matrix norms, and condition number. [7]

4.Solving nonlinear equations. Solution of nonlinear equations by the bisection method, fixed point iteration, and Newton's method. Discussion in one and two dimensions. [6]

Recommended reading

  • Endre Suli and David Mayers, An Introduction to Numerical Analysis, Cambridge University Press 2003.
  • Richard L. Burden and J. Douglas Faires, Numerical Analysis, Brookes Cole 2004.
  • Desmond J. Higham and Nicholas J. Higham, MATLAB Guide, Second edition, SIAM 2005.

Feedback methods

Feedback tutorials will provide an opportunity for students' work to be discussed and provide feedback on their understanding.  Coursework or in-class tests (where applicable) also provide an opportunity for students to receive feedback.  Students can also get feedback on their understanding directly from the lecturer, for example during the lecturer's office hour.

Study hours

  • Lectures - 22 hours
  • Tutorials - 11 hours
  • Independent study hours - 67 hours

Teaching staff

Simon Cotter - Unit coordinator

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