Sets, Numbers and Functions B
|Unit level:||Level 1|
|Teaching period(s):||Semester 1|
|Offered by||School of Mathematics|
|Available as a free choice unit?:||N
- MATH10131 - Calculus and Vectors B (Compulsory)
The aims of this course are to provide a basic introduction to various methods of proof used in mathematics and to the fundamental ideas in the study of sets, numbers and functions.
This lecture course is intended to introduce students to the concept of "proof". The objects of study, sets, numbers and functions, are basic to almost all Mathematics.
On successful completion of this module students will be
- familiar with and able to manipulate the basic concepts of Pure Mathematics such as sets and functions;
- able to construct elementary proofs of mathematical statements utilizing inductive arguments and arguments by contradiction;
- able to understand proofs of such results at the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic and the Euclidean Algorithm;
- familiar with the definitions and know some examples of groups and fields.
- Other - 25%
- Written exam - 75%
Assessment Further Information
- Supervision attendance and participation; Weighting within unit 10%
- Coursework; In class test, weighting within unit 15%
- Two and a half hours end of semester examination; Weighting within unit 75%
The language of mathematics. Mathematical statements, quantifiers, truth tables, proof.
Number theory I. Prime numbers, proof by contradiction
Proof by induction. Method and examples.
Set Theory. Sets, subsets, well known sets such as the integers, rational numbers, real numbers.Set Theoretic constructions such as unions, intersections, power sets, Cartesian products.
Functions. Definition of functions, examples, 1-1 and onto functions, bijective functions, composition of functions, inverse functions.
Counting. Counting of (mostly) finite sets, inclusion-exclusion principle, pigeonhole principle, binomial theorem.
Euclidean Algorithm. Greatest common divisor,proof of the Euclidean Algorithm and some consequences, using the Algorithm.
Congruence of Integers. Arithmetic properties of congruences,solving certain equations in integers.
Relations. Examples of various relations,reflexive, symmetric and transitive relations. Equivalence relations and equivalence classes. Partitions.
Number Theory II. Fundamental theorem of Arithmetic, Fermat's little theorem.
Binary Operations. Definition and examples of binary operations. Definition of groups and fields with examples. Proving that integers mod p ( p a prime) give a finite field.
The course is based on the following text:
P.J. Eccles, An Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning: Numbers, Sets and Functions, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
- Lectures - 33 hours
- Tutorials - 11 hours
- Independent study hours - 106 hours