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Unit code: | MATH45132 |
Credit Rating: | 15 |
Unit level: | Level 4 |
Teaching period(s): | Semester 2 |
Offered by | School of Mathematics |
Available as a free choice unit?: | N |
Requisites
Prerequisite- MATH35001 - Viscous Fluid Flow (Recommended)
Additional Requirements
MATH45132 pre-requisitesStudents are not permitted to take, for credit, MATH45132 in an undergraduate programme and then MATH65132 in a postgraduate programme at the University of Manchester, as the courses are identical.
This course is largely self-contained.
Aims
The aim of this course unit is to introduce students to the basic concepts and techniques of modern stability theory, through case studies in fluid mechanics and transport phenomena.
Overview
Many physical systems can become unstable in the sense that small disturbances superimposed on their basic state can amplify and significantly alter their initial state. In this course we introduce the basic theoretical and physical methodology required to understand and predict instability in a variety of situations with focus on hydrodynamic instabilities and on instabilities in reaction-diffusion systems.
Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this course unit students will be able to:
- Derive linearised stability equations for a given basic state;
- Perform a normal-mode analysis leading to an eigenvalue problem;
- Derive dispersion relations and use them to identify whether a basic state is stable or unstable for given values of the parameters;
- Perform a weakly non-linear stability analysis for simple systems near the instability threshold;
- Recognise the different physical mechanisms leading to instability for problems involving fluid flow or transport phenomena.
Assessment methods
- Other - 25%
- Written exam - 75%
Assessment Further Information
- Mid-semester coursework: 25%
- End of semester examination: two and a half hour weighting 75%
Syllabus
Assuming general mechanics and fluid mechanics in particular (viscous/inviscid), as well as some aspects of dynamical systems as prerequisites for course.
1. Introduction to stability
Nonlinear dynamics. Linear instability versus nonlinear instability. Outline of the basic procedure involved in a linear stability analysis: dispersion relation, marginal stability curve. Role of weakly nonlinear theory, e.g. normal form for pitchfork bifurcation.
2. Linear stability analysis: a case study of Rayleigh-Benard convection
Introduction to physical system, Boussinesq equations, dimensional analysis, Basic state, linear theory, normal modes, marginal stability curve: Analytical approach for idealised boundary conditions.
3. Interfacial instabilities
Examples: Rayleigh-Taylor and capillary instabilities.
4. Shear flow instabilities
Inviscid/viscous, Squire's theorem. Rayleigh's equation, Rayleigh's inflexion point criterion, Howard's semi-circle theorem, Orr-Sommerfeld equation. Examples: plane Couette flow, plane Poiseuille flow, pipe flow, Taylor-Couette flow.
5. Stability in reaction diffusion systems.
Stability of propagating fronts.
6. Bifurcation theory
Local bifurcations, normal forms.
7. Nonlinear stability theory
Weakly nonlinear theory, derivation of Stuart-Landau equation, Ginzburg-Landau equation.
8. Introduction to pattern formation (if time allows)
Stripes, squares and hexagons, three-wave interactions, role of symmetry, long-wave instabilities of patterns: Eckhaus.
Recommended reading
- P.G. Drazin, Introduction to hydrodynamic stability. Cambridge University Press (2002)
- F. Charru, Hydrodynamic Instabilities. Cambridge University Press (2011)
- P. Manneville, Instabilities, chaos and turbulence. Imperial College Press (2004)
Feedback methods
Feedback tutorials will provide an opportunity for students' work to be discussed and provide feedback on their understanding. Coursework or in-class tests (where applicable) also provide an opportunity for students to receive feedback. Students can also get feedback on their understanding directly from the lecturer, for example during the lecturer's office hour.
Study hours
- Lectures - 27 hours
- Tutorials - 6 hours
- Independent study hours - 117 hours
Teaching staff
Joel Daou - Unit coordinator