Real Algebraic and Analytic Geometry
Submission: 2007, July 25.
Let W -> X be a real smooth projective threefold fibred by rational curves. Koll\'ar proved that if W(R) is orientable a connected component N of W(R) is essentially either a Seifert fibred manifold or a connected sum of lens spaces. Let k : = k(N) be the integer defined as follows: If g : N -> F is a Seifert fibration, one defines k : = k(N) as the number of multiple fibres of g, while, if N is a connected sum of lens spaces, k is defined as the number of lens spaces different from P^3(R). Our Main Theorem says: If X is a geometrically rational surface, then k <= 4. Moreover we show that if F is diffeomorphic to S^1xS^1, then W(R) is connected and k = 0. These results answer in the affirmative two questions of Koll\'ar who proved in 1999 that k <= 6 and suggested that 4 would be the sharp bound. We derive the Theorem from a careful study of real singular Del Pezzo surfaces with only Du Val singularities.
(final version to appear in Michigan Mathematical Journal).
Mathematics Subject Classification (2000): 14P25, 14M20, 14J26.
Keywords and Phrases: Del Pezzo surface ; rationally connected algebraic variety ; Seifert manifold ; Du Val surface.
Full text, 18p.: pdf 810k.